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Western bench planes can be grouped roughly into three categories: the fore, the try, and the smoother. They come in many shapes and sizes, can be made of wood or metal. They typically are pushed in the Western tradition.
The most common variant of the bench plane is the Bailey pattern cast iron plane from Stanley and other manufacturers. Other types of bench planes are wooden planes, infill planes, and Stanley's transitional plane.
Also called a jack plane, the fore plane is used for rough stock removal.
The try plane, or jointer, is used to create a flat surface or edge.
The smoother creates a smooth, polished surface.